Time: 2020-01-14 00:00 Source: State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of Baotou Municipal People's Government Hits: 25
The Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Party defined "public ownership as the mainstay, multiple ownership economic development together, distribution according to work as the mainstay, and multiple distribution modes coexisting, and the socialist market economic system" as the new connotation of the basic socialist economic system. Since the 15th National Congress of the Communist Party put forward the concept of the basic economic system at the initial stage of socialism, our understanding of the basic economic system has been limited to the aspect of ownership, and the distribution system and economic system have not been raised to the level of the basic economic system. The Plenary Session will treat all three systems as the basic socialist economic system, which is the development and deepening of the connotation of the basic socialist economic system. It is a major institutional innovation and theoretical innovation that will definitely benefit the significant advantages of the basic socialist economic system in practice. China continues to carry forward.
Deeply understand the new connotation of the socialist basic economic system
The basic economic system belongs to the category of production relations. It is the basic structure and basic relationship of the economic system. It is a long-term and stable part of the economic system. It has a decisive influence on the attributes of the economic system and the mode of economic development. In the production relationship, the ownership of the means of production is the basis of the production relationship. It determines the other aspects of the production relationship. What kind of ownership is there is a distribution system, and ownership and distribution systems require a specific economic system to achieve this. Everything is determined by the level of social productive forces. The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized that China's basic national conditions have remained and will remain in the primary stage of socialism for a long time. Starting from the basic national conditions, it is decided that the economy with public ownership as the main body and multiple ownership systems will develop together, distribution according to work as the main body, and multiple distribution methods coexist. The socialist market economic system is the basic economic system in China at this stage. This not only reflects the superiority of the socialist system, but also adapts to the development level of social productive forces at the primary stage of socialism.
The basic socialist economic system is the persistence and development of Marxist political economy. In "Introduction to the Critique of Political Economy", Marx stated that the research object of political economy is social production, and used materialist dialectics to deeply analyze the relationship between the four links of production, distribution, exchange, and consumption. Since the 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the statement about the connotation of the basic economic system has been "public ownership as the mainstay, and the development of various economic systems." This statement focuses on the production link, and does not involve the three links of distribution, exchange and consumption. The new connotation of the basic socialist economic system has expanded from the field of production to the field of distribution, exchange, and consumption, making the expression of the basic economic system more comprehensive and scientific. The new connotation of the basic socialist economic system is the enrichment and development of socialist political economy with Chinese characteristics, which shows that our party ’s consciousness and self-confidence in economic theory have reached a new height, and it also shows that the Marxist political economics has become Chinese and era The development of technology has reached a new height.
The basic socialist economic system is the historical necessity of socialist economic practice with Chinese characteristics. In the 70 years since the founding of New China, the significant advantages of China ’s national system and national governance system have been reflected in the economic field, which is “to adhere to the common development of the public ownership system, the development of multiple ownership economies, and the coexistence of multiple distribution methods, and to coexist The system and the market economy are organically combined to continuously liberate and develop the significant advantages of social productive forces. "This advantage has been proven to be effective by long-term practice, and must be persisted and improved in practice. Our party creatively combined the superiority of the socialist system with the market economy's advantages in resource allocation to establish a socialist market economic system. Under this system, insisting on public ownership as the mainstay and the development of a variety of ownership economies have effectively stimulated the vitality and creativity of various market players; insisting on the distribution according to work as the mainstay and coexisting multiple distribution methods have greatly mobilized the polarities of all parties. . Under the leadership of the party, the great creation and tremendous achievements of socialist economic practice with Chinese characteristics not only profoundly changed China, but also profoundly affected the world. The new connotation of the basic socialist economic system is a summary and affirmation of the socialist economic practice with Chinese characteristics, which conforms to historical logic and is a historical necessity.
The basic socialist economic system is the fundamental follow-up to promote high-quality economic development in the new era. Since the 18th National Congress of the Party, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has adhered to and improved the basic socialist economic system. It has consolidated and developed the public ownership economy, developed a mixed ownership economy, supported the healthy development of the private economy, and improved distribution according to work and distribution according to factors. A series of important new theoretical and practical results have been achieved in the aspects of mechanism, deepening supply-side structural reforms, and giving play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation. It comprehensively and systematically answers the questions of the era of China ’s economic development, forming Xi Jinping. Socialist economic thinking with Chinese characteristics in the new era.
Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and China's economy has shifted from a stage of high-speed growth to a stage of high-quality development. To promote high-quality economic development, we must adhere to and improve the basic economic system of socialism under the guidance of Xi Jinping's socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era. Give full play to the advantages of ownership, adhere to the two "unwavering" and demonstrate the superiority of the socialist system; give full play to the advantages of the distribution system, both enlarge the "cake" and divide the "cake" well, and move towards the goal of common prosperity; fully Give full play to the advantages of the socialist market economic system, let the "visible hand" and the "invisible hand" complement each other, and promote sustained and healthy economic development.
Persevere in consolidating, perfecting, and developing socialist basic economic system
The basic socialist economic system has a fundamental and decisive position in the economic system, which has an important impact on the construction of systems in other fields and the effectiveness of national governance. In order to better adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, it is necessary to adhere to, consolidate, perfect, and develop the basic socialist economic system, and fully grasp the dialectic of system construction and governance activities Relationship, promote the socialist basic economic system to become more mature and stereotyped, and better transform the advantages of the basic economic system into the effectiveness of national governance.
One is to strengthen the party's centralized and unified leadership over economic work. Economic work is an important task of the Party Central Committee in governing the country and governing the country. It is necessary to strengthen and improve the Party's leadership over economic work. This is a major advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and a fundamental guarantee for good economic work. Only by strengthening the party's centralized and unified leadership can we continuously improve the socialist system, give full play to both economic and political advantages, and ensure that our country's economic development always advances in the right direction. Only by strengthening the party's centralized and unified leadership can we continuously promote the advantages of China's basic economic system into national governance effectiveness, promote the modernization of the country's governance system and governance capabilities, and more fully bring out the significant advantages of China's national system and national governance system.
The second is to persist in emancipating the mind and deepening reform and opening up. For more than 40 years of reform and opening up, emancipating the mind has been a main line throughout. It is precisely because of continuous emancipation of mind that our party has achieved a series of important breakthroughs and innovations in the theory and practice of the basic economic system. Without emancipating the mind, reform and opening up will not be carried out and a new historical period of our country ’s development will be opened; without emancipating the mind, it will be impossible to advance reform and opening up. Standing in a new historical direction of our country's development and pushing reform and opening up to a deeper level at a higher level and at a higher level, we still cannot do without emancipating our minds. Only by further emancipating the mind can we break through the imprisonment of ideas, break down all ideological and institutional obstacles that hinder accelerated development, and use innovative thinking and methods to cope with and solve new situations and problems along the way. Identify existing problems with emancipating the mind and force emancipating the mind with the discovered problems, truly realizing the mutual agitation of emancipating the mind and reform and opening up, the innovation of ideas and the exploration of practice and mutual promotion.
The third is to fully implement the new development concept. The innovative, coordinated, green, open, and shared development concept embodies China's economic and social development thinking, development direction, and development focus. It is highly strategic, programmatic, and leading, and must run through the entire process of economic activity. Adhere to innovation and development, we must pay more attention to solving the problem of development momentum, and promote the economy to maintain medium and high-speed growth, and move towards the mid-to-high-end level; adhere to coordinated development, we must pay more attention to solving the problem of uneven development, and strive to enhance the integrity of development; to adhere to green development, we must Pay more attention to solving the problem of harmonious symbiosis between man and nature, and build a beautiful China with blue sky, green water and clear water; adhere to open development, pay more attention to solving the internal and external linkage problems of development, and further improve the level of open economy; adhere to shared development, pay more attention to solving social equity The issue of justice continuously improves the well-being of the people.
Fourth, adhere to the people-centered development thinking. The main contradictions in our society have been translated into contradictions between the people's increasing need for a better life and uneven and inadequate development. We must insist on improving the well-being of the people, promoting the overall development of people, and steadily moving towards the common prosperity as the starting point and goal of economic development. Initiative, creativity, drawing the wisdom and strength of development from the people; we must insist on ensuring and improving people's livelihood during development, better solve the problems of the people in employment, education, medical care, housing, pension, etc., and better Meet the needs of the people in terms of democracy, rule of law, fairness, justice, security, environment, etc.
Fifth, adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line. Supply-side structural reform is the main line of China's economic work at present and for a period to come. The ultimate goal of supply-side structural reform is to meet demand, the main direction is to improve the quality of supply, and the fundamental way is to deepen reform. To find out the main direction of attack, to coordinate efforts to consolidate the achievements of "three gos, one drop, one supplement", enhance the vitality of micro-subjects, improve the level of industrial development, and smooth the national economic cycle, and promote the real economy, technological innovation, modern finance, and human resources. The effective and reasonable allocation of production forms a production orientation that effectively matches consumption, fundamentally reverses the mismatch between supply and demand, adapts the supply structure to rapid changes in the demand structure, and promotes quality, efficiency, and power changes in economic development.
Sixth, accelerate the construction of a modern economic system. The modern economic system is closely linked to the basic socialist economic system. A modern economic system is an organic whole composed of the interrelationships and internal connections of all links, levels, and fields of social and economic activities. It is necessary to build an innovative and coordinated development industrial system, a unified and open and orderly market system, reflect efficiency, promote fair income distribution system, highlight advantages, coordinate and link urban and rural regional development system, resource-saving and environmentally friendly green development System, a diversified balance, a safe and efficient comprehensive open system, an economic system that gives full play to the role of the market and better plays the role of the government. To uphold and improve the basic socialist economic system, we must write a great article on the construction of a modern economic system. (Ma Tao)