Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 22th : Managing the common wealth of the people and strengthening the people's congress in accordance with the law-Shi Yaobin, director of the budget working committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, explained in detail the "Five-year Plan" issued by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress to strengthen the supervision of state-owned assets
Xinhua News Agency reporter
On April 12, 2019, the 28th Chairman's Meeting of the 13th National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted the "Thirteenth National People's Congress Standing Committee's Implementation of the Implementation of the 13th National People's Congress Standing Committee Opinions> Five-Year Plan (2018-2022) (hereinafter referred to as the "Five-Year Plan"), which clearly states that after 5 years of efforts, the state-owned assets can be fully identified, the state-owned asset management system and mechanism must be clarified, and the state-owned asset management situation must be established and improved. The reporting and supervision system lays a solid foundation for handing over “clear accounts” and “reassuring accounts” of state-owned assets to the people across the country.
A few days ago, the reporter interviewed Shi Yaobin, director of the budget working committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, about the "Five-Year Plan."
Question: In the past, the NPC Standing Committee only formulated a five-year plan for legislative work. On what basis did the NPC Standing Committee formulate a five-year plan for the supervision of the state-owned assets of the NPC?
Answer: The establishment of a system for the State Council to report on the management of state-owned assets to the Standing Committee of the National People ’s Congress is an important decision-making arrangement for the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core to strengthen the function of monitoring the state-owned assets of the National People ’s Congress. In 2017, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued the Opinions on Establishing the State Council's Reporting System on the Management of State-owned Assets to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions") to institutionalize, standardize, and program the government's reporting to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. A comprehensive deployment was made, and clear requirements were set for the NPC Standing Committee to strengthen its review and supervision. This is of great significance for increasing the transparency of state-owned asset management, enhancing the credibility of state-owned asset management, consolidating and developing the basic economic system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, managing the common wealth of the people, and strengthening the people's congress to perform their duties according to law.
State-owned assets are a common treasure of all people. In the 70 years since the founding of New China, it has accumulated a wealth of family members, which has provided a solid material foundation for the stability of the country ’s economic and social development and the continuous improvement of people ’s lives. Due to the large scale and variety of state-owned assets, the bases are not completely clear; the reform of state-owned enterprises and state-owned assets management is deepening, and the system is not completely smooth; the information required by the people's congress for supervision is not sufficient. Therefore, the realization of the full-caliber, full-coverage state-owned asset management status report and supervision required by the Opinions cannot be achieved overnight and requires long-term efforts.
The five-year term of the Standing Committee of the Thirteenth National People's Congress is the first five years to implement the Opinions, and it is also the key five years to lay the foundation and establish rules. The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress formulated the "Five-year Plan", which is to make a phased plan for the main system design in the "Opinions", clarify the specific timetable and road map, strengthen the normative and guiding work, and ensure that this work is steadily and orderly Make solid progress. Moreover, the annual report heard and reviewed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress has different topics and presents the characteristics of a five-year cycle. It is also necessary to make overall planning for this.
Question: What are the overall goals of the Five-Year Plan for state-owned assets management? How will the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress achieve this goal?
A: The "Five-Year Plan" proposes that by 2022, a reporting system with full coverage and full coverage, with clear classifications and standards, and a clear and complementary reporting system will be basically established. Basically, a reporting system that complies with the characteristics of state-owned asset classes and is networked will be established. The National People ’s Congress ’s state-owned assets supervision system, which is backed by a database, focuses on the evaluation index system, and focuses on the handling of review opinions and rectification and accountability by the Standing Committee, has basically established a smooth, orderly, standardized and efficient working mechanism for horizontal collaboration and vertical linkage.
The NPC Standing Committee's supervision of state-owned assets management is mainly carried out by listening to and reviewing reports from the State Council. The "Five-Year Plan" proposes to strengthen communication and coordination, and actively promote government departments to continuously standardize and improve the reporting of state-owned asset management, standardize the basic content of reports, expand the scope of reports, improve the evaluation index system, and improve the quality of reports.
In order to highlight the key points of supervision and enhance the effectiveness of supervision, the Five-Year Plan puts forward specific requirements for the supervision of the National People ’s Congress, including the study and establishment of an indicator system for the supervision and evaluation of the state-owned assets of the National People ’s Congress, the establishment of an effective linking mechanism with the review and supervision of budget and final accounts, and the strengthening of research and processing of review opinions. Comprehensively use various supervision methods to strengthen follow-up supervision and daily supervision. At the same time, the National People's Congress Standing Committee is also required to strengthen the guidance of local people's congresses, promote the establishment of reporting systems at and above the county level, promote the networking of state-owned assets management information of the people's congresses at all levels, and explore the linkage mechanism of the NPC's state-owned assets supervision work.
In addition, the "Five-Year Plan" also proposes to promote the legislation of state-owned assets management and supervision, by revising and improving relevant laws, formulating the NPC Standing Committee's decision on strengthening state-owned assets management and supervision, studying and formulating administrative state-owned assets management laws, and organizing development Formulate a comprehensive feasibility study on the state-owned assets (capital) management law, improve the national legal system related to assets, and realize the institutionalization and legalization of state-owned assets management and supervision.
Question: Last year, the State Council reported the state-owned assets management situation to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for the first time. In addition to the comprehensive report, it also specifically reported the state-owned assets of financial enterprises. How does the "Five-Year Plan" arrange the topics of the annual report heard and deliberated by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress? What are the requirements for improved reporting?
Answer: In accordance with the spirit of the "Opinions" of the Central Committee, the State Council's annual report on the management of state-owned assets adopts a combination of comprehensive and special reports, and a combination of written and oral reports. The comprehensive report comprehensively reflects the basic situation of various state-owned assets, and the special report separately reflects the management of state-owned assets such as state-owned assets of enterprises (excluding financial enterprises), state-owned assets of financial enterprises, state-owned assets of administrative institutions, and state-owned natural resources. The reports of various state-owned assets must be summarized to reflect the national situation. The reporting of state-owned assets of enterprises (excluding financial enterprises) and state-owned assets of financial enterprises focuses on the situation at the central level. During each term of the Standing Committee of the National People ’s Congress, the State Council submits a written comprehensive report and oral report to the Standing Committee of the National People ’s Congress at the end of the term; in other years, it submits an oral report on a special situation while submitting a written comprehensive report.
The "Five-Year Plan" determines the topic arrangements for oral special reports every year. In addition to the special reports on the management of state-owned assets of financial enterprises that have been completed in 2018, this year's Standing Committee of the National People's Congress will hear and review special reports on the management of state-owned assets for administrative purposes. A special report on the management of state-owned assets (excluding financial enterprises) of enterprises in 2020 and a special report on the management of state-owned natural resources (assets) in 2021. In 2022, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress will listen to and review the State Council's comprehensive report on the management of state-owned assets.
The government's "clear account" for reporting state-owned assets is the prerequisite and basis for the NPC to effectively monitor state-owned assets. The "Five-Year Plan" clearly states that the reports submitted by the government must be auditable, verifiable and supervisable. From the perspective of standardizing reporting methods, it is clear that the report of the State Council should include the basic situation of state-owned assets and the management of state-owned assets, with emphasis on problem sorting and cause analysis; from the perspective of improving the quality of the report, it is proposed to gradually expand the scope of the report and establish various types of reports. The reporting system of state-owned assets and the improvement of the government ’s state-owned assets management evaluation index system are conducive to the realization of richer and more detailed report data and quantifiable assessment of management; from the perspective of consolidating the basis of the report, it proposes to improve the relevant accounting system and statistical system, and establish a full caliber State-owned assets information sharing platform, etc. These requirements were formed during the drafting process through consultations with relevant government departments to reach consensus, and require government departments to cooperate to implement them.
Question: According to the Constitution and laws, the State Council exercises ownership of state-owned assets on behalf of the country and has management responsibilities. The National People's Congress and its Standing Committee have the responsibility of supervising state-owned assets. How will the "Five-Year Plan" strengthen the supervision of the state-owned assets of the National People's Congress and ensure that the supervision is effective?
Answer: The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress supervises the management of state-owned assets, rather than directly managing state-owned assets. Therefore, it is important to understand and grasp how various types of state-owned assets are managed and the effects of management on the basis of understanding the state-owned assets. how is it. The "Five-Year Plan" proposes to actively respond to the people's major concerns, adhere to legal supervision, correct supervision, innovate ways and methods, and implement all-round supervision.
First of all, it is necessary to establish an index system for the supervision and evaluation of the state-owned assets of the People's Congress. Keep close to the focus of the NPC Standing Committee's review and supervision, reflect the nature, functions and characteristics of different types of state-owned assets, and highlight the implementation of the Party's Central Committee's decision-making and deployment, state-owned assets management according to law, the people's sense of satisfaction and satisfaction, comprehensive and objective Scientifically and accurately assess the government's management of state-owned assets.
Secondly, it is necessary to establish an effective linkage mechanism with the review and supervision of budget accounts. Improve the preparation and review of general public budget final accounts, etc., and expand relevant budget final accounts to reflect the formation and allocation of state-owned capital and assets in budget investments and government investment funds. Improve the final budget of the state-owned capital operation budget and gradually make the state-owned capital operation budget a basic platform for strengthening the governance, strategic layout, and optimal allocation of state capital. Based on the state-owned asset management report and supervision, the opinions and suggestions on the review and supervision of the relevant budget final accounts are put forward.
The third is to persist in problem orientation and urge rectification and accountability. In response to the outstanding problems found in the review and investigation, a list of classified rectification issues and a timetable should be proposed, and the implementation of rectification and accountability requirements should be supervised. It is necessary to strengthen follow-up supervision and daily supervision, and maintain the regularity and endurance of supervision by expanding and extending the supervision chain of state-owned asset management status reports. In addition, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress can also make timely inquiries on the state-owned asset management reports in a timely manner to enhance the effectiveness of supervision.